Finite and non-finite verbs Quiz

You need to be registered and logged in to take this quiz. Log in


Finite and Non-finite Verbs

Finite and Non-finite Verbs

Introduction to Finite and Non-finite Verbs

In English grammar, verbs are categorized into two types: finite and non-finite. Understanding these types is essential for proper sentence construction and verb usage.

Finite Verbs

Finite verbs are verbs that have a subject and show tense. They change form according to the subject and the time of action.

– She writes every day.
– They are going to the market.
– He slept for eight hours.

Non-finite Verbs

Non-finite verbs do not show tense and do not change according to the subject. They are usually used as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. Non-finite verbs include infinitives, gerunds, and participles.

Types of Non-finite Verbs

1. Infinitives

Infinitives are the base form of the verb, usually preceded by “to.” They can function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs.

– To learn is important.
– She has a plan to travel.
– He came to help.

2. Gerunds

Gerunds are the -ing form of a verb used as a noun. They can act as subjects, objects, or complements in a sentence.

Running is a good exercise.
– She enjoys swimming.
– His hobby is reading.

3. Participles

Participles are verb forms used as adjectives. There are two types: present participles (ending in -ing) and past participles (usually ending in -ed, -d, -t, -en, or -n).

Present Participles

Present participles end in -ing and are used to describe an ongoing action related to the noun they modify.

– The smiling child is my nephew.
– We saw a running horse.

Past Participles

Past participles often end in -ed, -d, -t, -en, or -n and describe a completed action or state related to the noun they modify.

– The broken vase was expensive.
– She has finished her work.
– The fallen leaves covered the ground.


Understanding the difference between finite and non-finite verbs, as well as the types of non-finite verbs, is crucial for mastering English grammar. Finite verbs change according to the subject and tense, while non-finite verbs remain unchanged and function as other parts of speech such as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs.

Leave a Comment