Using -ing, -ed adjectives Quiz

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-ing and -ed Adjectives

-ing and -ed Adjectives

In English, adjectives that end in -ing and -ed have different meanings and uses. Understanding how to use these adjectives correctly can greatly improve your language skills.

General Rules

-ing adjectives describe the characteristic of a person, a thing, or a situation. They tell us about the effect that something has on our feelings.

-ed adjectives describe a feeling or emotion. They tell us how someone feels as a result of something.


-ing: The movie was boring. (The movie itself was boring.)

-ed: I was bored by the movie. (I felt bored because of the movie.)

Important Points

-ing adjectives often describe things or situations.

-ed adjectives often describe people’s feelings.

Common -ing and -ed Adjectives

Interested vs. Interesting

Interested: feeling or showing interest.

Interesting: causing interest; holding the attention.

Example: The lecture was interesting (it caused interest). I was interested in the lecture (I felt interest).

Bored vs. Boring

Bored: feeling weary and impatient because one is unoccupied or lacks interest in one’s current activity.

Boring: not interesting; tedious.

Example: The book was boring (it caused boredom). I was bored by the book (I felt boredom).

Excited vs. Exciting

Excited: very enthusiastic and eager.

Exciting: causing great enthusiasm and eagerness.

Example: The game was exciting (it caused excitement). I was excited about the game (I felt excitement).

Amused vs. Amusing

Amused: finding something funny or entertaining.

Amusing: causing laughter or providing entertainment.

Example: The clown was amusing (he caused amusement). The children were amused by the clown (they felt amusement).

Tired vs. Tiring

Tired: in need of sleep or rest; weary.

Tiring: causing one to need rest or sleep; fatiguing.

Example: The hike was tiring (it caused tiredness). I was tired after the hike (I felt tired).

Practice Exercises

Choose the correct adjective (-ing or -ed) to complete the sentence:

1. The book was very ________ (interesting/interested).

2. She felt ________ (tiring/tired) after the workout.

3. The children were ________ (amusing/amused) by the magician.

4. The news was ________ (shocking/shocked).

5. He was very ________ (exciting/excited) about his birthday party.

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